Health: Swiss live longer, but not better – Switzerland

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The Swiss are unequal in old age. Academics live longer and healthier than people with mandatory training.

Between 1990 and 2015, life expectancy increased from 78 to 82 years for men and 83 to 86 years for women. The years lived in good health also increased by respectively 4.5 and 3 years, note the authors of a study of theUniversity of Geneva (UNIGE), published Monday in the journal International Journal of Public Health.

However, not all Swiss are equal in old age. The researchers observed large disparities according to their level of education. In 2010, men with compulsory training lived on average up to 73 years in good health. Men with secondary education had five additional good years, and those with tertiary education had eight more.

The gap between women was five years. Those who followed compulsory schooling lived in good health until their 79th birthday, the others until 83 years old.

Even more striking is the fact that while the number of years spent in poor health stagnates among the most educated men, it has increased among those with basic compulsory training. This last figure has increased from three years in 1990 to six in 2015. In women, the evolution is similar.

Socio-economic inequalities

Such a difference can be explained by socio-economic inequalities, explains Michel Oris, co-author of the study. These "push the low-income people to delay as much as possible, or even give up regular checks at their doctor or to avoid making too expensive screenings and not supported by the health funds".

However, "the less we do prevention, the sooner we can detect the appearance of chronic diseases, and our health deteriorates rapidly," says the professor at the Institute of Demography and Socioeconomics of UNIGE.

The study thus supports the OECD's finding, he notes. The organization emphasized the excellence of Switzerland's acute health care system, as well as the perfectibility of its prevention system.

To carry out their study, the researchers compiled the data of the Swiss National Cohort with those of the Swiss Health Surveys between 1990 and 2015. They were able to monitor more than 11.65 million people and 1.47 million deaths. (Ps / nxp)

Created: 11.11.2019, 13:53



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