For the study published in the journal "Eurosurveillance", the five infections that account for almost 80 percent of cases in hospitals are considered: pneumonia, wound infections, urinary tract infections, bloodstream infections and infections with the germ Clostridium difficile.
Dangerous: the hospital germ Clostridium difficile
However, deaths from these infections are difficult to determine – especially because many patients have serious underlying diseases that often lead to death even without hospital infections, according to the RKI.
Hundreds of thousands infected
The study authors estimate that in Germany a total of 400,000 to 600,000 people per year suffer hospital infections. According to the Robert Koch Institute, the proportion of patients who get an infection during a hospital stay here is around 3.6 percent, which is less than the EU average (5.5 percent).
But if one considers the number of such infections per 100,000 inhabitants, Germany is worse than the EU average, emphasizes the RKI. In addition to more effective infection control and prevention, the Berlin Institute therefore has the following advice: avoidable hospital stays should be avoided in any case.
wa / stu (dpa, RKI, eurosurveillance.org)