Read also: EXCLUSIVE – The call to Macron mayors against the incivilities of everyday life
This dynamic began in 1971 with the law Marcellin, which encourages the grouping … but will be a "failure" due to the hostility of associations of elected, analysis Thomas Frinault, lecturer in political science at the University of Rennes 2 For him, the return of the communal group to the political agenda in 2010 is a way of "absorbing the budget shock inflicted by the state" and "seek to weigh in intercommunalities that are larger than before".
The "baptism of fire" of the merged municipalities
The case of La Romaine, a new commune of Haute-Saône born from the merger of Greucourt, Pont-de-Planches and Vezet at the end of 2015, illustrates these logics. Its mayor, Roger Relange, was in favor of this merger to be "more efficient grouped than separately": to make economies of scale and devote himself to projects like the construction of an educational pole or the installation of collective boiler rooms, " that we could never have done alone, "he admits.
Read also: Why mayors are once again disappointed by the government
The municipal elections of 2020, subject on which Damien Careme was questioned, will be for the overwhelming majority of these communes the "baptism of fire", says the geographer Gabriel Bideau. For the moment, there can be as many councilors as the municipalities added (but only one mayor, with mayors delegates). Next year, to facilitate the transition, the new municipalities will have to "enter the common law" and have the number of councilors corresponding to a city of demographic stratum immediately superior. A threshing of cards that could lead to tension. "Territorial mergers are like business mergers, it's often not a merger of equals," says Thomas Frinault. "We anticipated (litigation between municipalities) in a charter," responds Robert Relange, who will be a candidate.