NASA has incorporated the Starship of Space X and Bluemoon of Blue Origin, among five new private proposals of lunar landers to join your Artemis Program.
Together with Sierra Nevada Corp., Ceres Robotics and Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems, the five companies can now compete to deliver robotic charges to the lunar surface for NASA, which helps pave the way for the return of the astronauts to the moon in 2024.
The five companies join nine others selected by the CLPS (Commercial Lunar Payload Services) in November 2018, which brings the total number of private applicants to the lunar landing to 14 companies, according to NASA.
They include moon landing concepts of all sizes. They range from the truly massive –SpaceX's stunning Starship vehicle-, to land multiple vehicles on the moon, passing through the smallest single probes as the concept proposed by Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems.
The Blue Origin landing concept is based on its unmanned Blue Moon vehicle, which the company's billionaire founder Jeff Bezos announced at the beginning of this year.
Sierra Nevada Corp. and Ceres Robotics are developing medium-sized robotic ships that could be extended to larger vehicles in the future.
The NASA He plans to use private landlords built by these partner companies to transport vehicles such as the new VIPER to the South Pole of the Moon. Other payloads could include power plants, scientific experiments and other lunar infrastructure.
In July, NASA awarded the first three contracts under the program, granting landing missions to the Astrobotic, Intuitive Machines and Orbit Beyond companies. Orbit Beyond withdrew from that contract, but remains eligible to bid on future opportunities.
Artemis aims to put the first woman and the next man on the lunar surface by 2024 and establish a long-term sustainable human presence in and around the moon by 2028.
NASA is also looking for the private sector to develop manned lunar landers. Last May, the agency selected 11 companies to conduct studies and build prototypes. These 11 had until November 1 to submit detailed proposals for the Artemis human landing module, and NASA is expected to pick up four finalists early next year, Space.com reports.