"Children who play sports have better grades"


A WHO study found that four out of five adolescents do not do enough sports. Asked about La Premiere, Jean-Pierre Castiaux, sports doctor at the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic Saint-Luc Clinic, is not surprised by this observation: "I think it's not new, we're trying to change it, but I think that in the early teens, the attractiveness of physical activity is lower." Even children who were physically active before they often slow down or give up their sport or physical activity, because they have less of a tendency to move, they lock themselves a little on themselves, and the current phenomenon on the screens is no stranger either. think that what you absolutely need to do is motivate these children to move, if you talk to them about sports, it scares them a little, and especially those who have never done so, but we must encourage them to move on the side of the parents and the side of the schools ".

According to the WHO, in Belgium, 83% of teens do not practice enough sport. Many young people enroll in gyms, notes Jean-Pierre Castiaux, "But these are not young people between the ages of 13 and 17. Most of them are people who are a little further away, either university students or adults." Let's say the majority of students are not in this range But it's moving, it's true that it's slowly starting to change because we talk a lot about it and because, I think, parents put a little because I think we understood all the very adverse effects of idleness.Medically, there are plenty of side effects in the short and long term and I think that it sensitizes a little parents, and I think that parents must first encourage children to move, to go to school on foot or by bike if there is a way, to get them out, to walk the dog … to make them move, to take them out of their room. that with this incentive, the number of registrants in theaters can increase a bit, but I think for the moment, the majority is not in this age range ".

An hour a day

"Physical activity increases all cardiac, pulmonary activity, endurance, resistance, speed, joint mobility, strength.This also helps to densify bones and, at the psychological level, it brings a little bit of self-esteem, a larger body image and we also note that at the level of school results, children who play sports have better results, and even children who play sports of a high standard are rarely bad There is therefore a ripple effect and the big diseases to avoid are mainly obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases that are the result of idleness and weight gain "continues Jean-Pierre Castiaux.

WHO recommends at least one hour of physical activity per day. According to the sports doctor "This is the right average, which is also valid for adults 60 minutes a day of exercise not very soft, but moderate to intense.What is important is actually to exercise, but to devote a part of the exercise in a very intense way: one hour a day and at least three days a week of a more intense exercise, that is to say, to walk very fast, to run, to ride a bike So, beyond 14 years, you can really develop the musculature and start a little bodybuilding, under supervision of course ".

"Girls do much less physical activity than boys"

Jean-Pierre Castiaux indicates that girls are much less active than boys: "In schools, medical certificates are mostly given to girls because they are less likely to move, they may have a relationship with their body that is very complicated at that age, so they do not dare too much to show themselves, to wear sportswear, and sometimes there are certain psychological, religious, moral or social barriers, and I think that girls do much less physical activity than boys, but I also think that it starts to change slowly ".

"In the decree of the former minister of sports, there was already three hours of private sports per week starting in primary school, I think that is the way to go. what is happening in Canada, because Canadians have done a lot of studies on it, and in fact, by very simple means, we could increase physical activity in schools, for example to prevent parents who drive their children with their car to go to the school gate and sometimes to class with their car, but make a parking 500 meters from the school, so that a child is at least one kilometer day, round trip, walk, and an original idea might be to incorporate physical activity into courses other than gymnastics class.The physical education teacher might have the time to be able to to prepare, in a French class, in a course of my thematic or in a language course, try to motivate the teacher of these branches to move the children in a small active game. So, we could actually, by lots of good ideas, increase the physical activity of our teenagers " he concluded.

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